What boosts our machines? A glimpse into a key element: The transmission

When we think of heavy machinery, we imagine an imposing power capable of moving earth, gravel, and stone with ease. But behind this vision, there is much more: achieving a longer lifespan with lower maintenance costs. In recent years, heavy machinery has evolved significantly to meet these demands. In this blog, we will explore the heart of these machines, the transmission. With a focus on wheel loaders, we will break down their key components, the fluids that keep them running, and their types.

Emphasizing Their Importance

Transmissions are the backbone of machines, allowing for the efficient transfer of engine power to the wheels or tracks. In a wheel loader, the transmission plays an essential role in adjusting speed and torque (the rotational force a motor can generate to perform work) according to operational needs.

And in the case of a wheel loader… What aspects do we highlight?

Transmisión 714-07-30030

Essential Components of a Loader’s Transmission

Torque Converter

The torque converter is the first piece in a wheel loader‘s transmission. It functions as a hydraulic coupling that allows for the smooth and gradual transmission of power generated by the engine to the transmission. Its design enables jerk-free starts and efficient energy transfer. In situations of heavy loading, the torque converter acts as a torque multiplier, providing greater force to overcome obstacles and challenging terrains.

Convertidor Komatsu 711-53-21001

Gearbox (Powershift)

The gearbox, or powershift transmission, enables control of speeds and gear changes in the wheel loader. The distinctive feature of a powershift transmission is its ability to shift gears seamlessly, ensuring a smooth transition without power loss. It also allows the operator to adapt the machine, such as a wheel loader, to different load and terrain conditions, optimizing efficiency and performance in various tasks.

Caja de transferencia WA500-3

Axles and Driveshafts

Axles and driveshafts serve as crucial foundations in wheel loaders, playing an essential role in transferring the power generated by the engine to the wheels. Axles, designed to withstand loads and torsion, are responsible for maintaining precise wheel alignment and ensuring reliable traction on diverse terrains. Driveshafts, on the other hand, act as vital intermediaries by seamlessly transmitting motion from the gearbox to the axles.

The synergy between these components is fundamental for the optimal performance of the wheel loader, especially in construction, mining, and earthmoving environments.

Keeping them in optimal condition is a priority to ensure the reliability and efficiency of the machine throughout its lifecycle.

Eje transmisión Komatsu WA320-3

Fluids and Lubrication

In the past, powershift transmissions used to rely on engine oil, which was not an optimal choice due to differences in composition and performance required by transmissions. Compared to specialized oils, engine oils could lead to wear and friction issues in components such as clutches and brakes. Changes in fluid technologies and design have given rise to advanced oils that enhance performance and durability.

These modern lubricants fulfill several vital functions, including ensuring friction stability, anti-wear protection, and material compatibility. They also provide control over sludge, protection against rust and corrosion, and thermal stability.

You can choose between single-grade or multigrade oils, depending on the climate and requirements. As the industry evolves, oils will continue to adapt to new engines and emission requirements, remaining essential in maximizing the efficiency and longevity of heavy machinery.


In the realm of wheel loaders and most heavy machinery, we encounter a variety of transmission types, each designed to meet specific needs and situations:

Transmision WA500-6

  • Powershift: Renowned for its seamless gear shifts, allowing the machine to maintain its momentum and efficiency while changing speeds. Extremely useful in situations of constant load or on uneven terrains. The smooth transition between gears optimizes operation in various conditions, providing greater traction and reducing clutch wear. In construction and mining environments where power and durability are essential, they have proven to be an effective choice.


  • Hydrostatic: Hydrostatic transmissions employ hydraulic fluids to transmit engine power to the wheels or tracks. This technology offers precise control and smooth maneuverability, making it particularly valuable for operations requiring precise movements and maneuvers in tight spaces. The ability to vary speed and direction smoothly and continuously makes hydrostatic transmissions ideal for accurately loading and unloading materials in congested work areas.


  • Automatic: Automatic transmissions, known for their comfort and ease of use in passenger vehicles, have also been adapted for heavy machinery, including wheel loaders. These transmissions automatically shift gears based on load conditions and machine speed, allowing operators to focus on other critical tasks. Efficiency and the smoothness of gear transitions are standout features of this transmission type, resulting in a more comfortable and productive operation.

Recycling and Sustainability

The recycling of used transmission components plays an essential role in reducing environmental impact and promoting sustainability in the industry. Firstly, recycling helps minimize the accumulation of electronic and metallic waste, reducing pressure on landfills and preventing soil and water pollution. By salvaging and reusing parts from decommissioned transmissions, the need to extract and process new raw materials is decreased, contributing to the conservation of natural resources.

Additionally, it can have a positive impact on the economy by fostering job creation in the recycling and refurbishment industry. Workshops and specialized companies in parts recovery can repair and refurbish used components, extending their lifespan and offering them at a more affordable cost compared to entirely new parts. This benefits both heavy machinery operators and fleet owners by reducing maintenance and replacement costs.

Lastly, it contributes to a circular economy mindset in the industry, where products and materials are reused and recycled instead of being discarded after their initial lifespan. This not only reduces the industry’s environmental footprint but also promotes greater awareness of the importance of resource conservation and environmental responsibility in a critical sector for construction and infrastructure.


In TAOP PARTS, we can provide the necessary spare parts for your machine, including transmissions and their components. Feel free to contact us for inquiries and assistance.



Ready for summer! And your machine… Is it truly prepared for the heat?

Heatwaves pose significant challenges, not only for people but also for machinery operating in construction sites, quarries, mines, and, in general, outdoor workplaces.

High temperatures can have a detrimental impact on the performance, lifespan, and integrity of all heavy machinery, including excavators, wheel loaders, rigid and articulated dump trucks, and bulldozers. Let’s examine the risks that heatwaves present and discuss essential tips on how to properly protect and maintain this equipment in challenging weather conditions.


Understanding the Risks

Extreme heat can trigger a series of issues in machinery, affecting their operation and leading to costly breakdowns. Let’s examine some of these risks:

Engine Overheating

High temperatures can strain the cooling system. Excessive heat can push the engine to operate at dangerous temperatures, potentially resulting in severe damage.

Accelerated Wear and Tear

Extreme heat accelerates the wear of mechanical parts, electrical components, and seals, which in turn can reduce the overall equipment lifespan.

Decreased Performance

Machines may become less efficient in extreme heat, impacting productivity and increasing operational costs.

Preventive Maintenance and Cleaning

Comprehensive preventive maintenance before and during heatwaves is essential to keep the machinery in optimal condition. Here are some key measures:

  • Cooling System Inspection

Always ensure that radiators, coolers and ventilation systems are clean and free from obstructions. It’s crucial that fans work properly to ensure adequate cooling.


Radiador 423-03-41110

  • Fluid Control

    Maintain the proper levels of coolant and lubricants in the tanks according to the manufacturer’s specifications. High-quality fluids are essential to protect the machinery from high temperatures and friction.

Deposito 425-03-31532

  • Air Conditioning System (AC)

    We must ensure that the air conditioning system is functioning properly to provide the operator with a more comfortable and safe environment, which can also help maintain focus and reduce fatigue. To achieve this, we will check the refrigerant level, clean filters, inspect hoses and connections, and remember to perform periodic system tests before shifts where the machine will be exposed to high temperatures.

Controlador AC PC340LC-7K

Constant Temperature Monitoring

Implementing temperature monitoring systems can be vital to detect overheating issues in a timely manner and take preventive measures. Infrared thermometers and temperature sensors can provide real-time readings to identify potential hotspots.

Adjustment or Replacement of Components

An essential aspect of maintenance is regular inspection of the machine’s key components for signs of wear. We must replace and adjust worn-out parts to prevent unexpected breakdowns that may occur during work in extreme conditions, such as the high temperatures that some work sites can experience during the summer months.

Smart Scheduling

Planning heavy machinery operations based on weather forecasts can significantly reduce stress on the machine. Avoiding operation during the hottest hours of the day and performing the most intensive tasks in the early morning or late afternoon, when temperatures are lower, is beneficial.

Protection and Shelter

When the machines are not in use, it is advisable to keep them in shaded areas or under covers to protect them from direct sunlight. This can help reduce exposure to high temperatures and prevent damage to sensitive components, such as the electrical system, which can be vulnerable to overheating, leading to significant wear on the insulation materials of the wiring.

Operator Training

While we’ve primarily focused on machines, we cannot overlook the role of the operator. Training the operator on how to recognize signs of overheating and how to take corrective actions is essential. Operators should be attentive to warning signs and know when to stop the machine to prevent further damage.

Heat-Sensitive Components

Some components most sensitive to high temperatures in the summer are those subject to constant friction, involved in cooling processes, or containing materials that can degrade in extreme heat. For example:

  • Belts

Transmission belts, like alternator belts and fan belts, are susceptible to hardening, cracking, or breaking due to excessive heat. If they’re worn out, they can result in system failures and energy loss.


Polea Ventilador WA500-3

  • Hoses or Tubes

    Since they transport coolant, oils, and hydraulic fluids, hoses and tubes can become more susceptible to leaks and ruptures when exposed to high temperatures. If they are weak or damaged, they can cause a loss of essential fluids necessary for proper functioning.

Tubo L120F

  • Radiators

    Radiators and coolers are vital for the cooling system. If they become obstructed or damaged due to the accumulation of dirt, dust, or other contaminants, they can lead to engine overheating.

Radiador HD405-6

  • Thermostats

    Thermostats regulate the engine temperature by controlling the flow of coolant. If they fail due to extreme heat, they can cause overheating or inadequate cooling of the engine.

Termostato WA500-3

  • Seals and Gaskets

High temperatures can cause seals and gaskets to degrade, leading to leaks and contamination of critical fluids.

  • Oils and Lubricants

If of low quality, their viscosity can be affected under extreme heat, which impacts their ability to properly lubricate and protect moving parts.

  • Electrical Components

Some electrical components, such as relays, switches, cables, and connections, may experience overheating due to high temperatures, which could result in malfunction or failure.

Controlador PC210LC-7K

  • Fans

    While designed to assist in the cooling system, fans can also be affected by high temperatures. If fans do not operate properly or if they become obstructed, the cooling system may not be as efficient, increasing the risk of overheating.

Ventilador WA380-5H

In conclusion

Proper protection and maintenance of earthmoving and mining machinery during heatwaves are essential to ensure the safety, efficiency, and longevity of the equipment.

By understanding the risks and implementing preventive measures such as regular maintenance, temperature monitoring, and smart planning, we can minimize the negative impact of extreme heat. Let’s remember that these investments in care and prevention not only safeguard our assets but also protect the workers operating these machines, ensuring a safer and more productive work environment in any climatic conditions.

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A Glimpse into the Heart of Our Machines: Hydraulic Pumps

The hydraulic system is a vital component in earthmoving and mining machines, as it utilizes special fluids, usually hydraulic oil, that are under pressure.

This pressure, generated by the fluid, is essential to transmit the required power and enable the efficient operation of various components in the machines. In this way, it enables the control of actions and other crucial movements in the equipment’s operation.


Components of the hydraulic system

Hydraulic pump: Converts mechanical energy into hydraulic energy, generating hydraulic flow that drives the operation of the components.

Hydraulic valves: Control direction, pressure, and flow, enabling precise movement of actuators.

Hydraulic cylinders: Transform hydraulic fluid energy into linear motion, driving lifting, pushing, and pulling actions. Among the top sellers at TAOP PARTS are:

Lift cylinder: Allows the movement of the boom and generates the force needed for lifting loads.

Steering cylinder: Enables control and change of the machine’s direction.

Boom cylinder: Provides lifting and tilting motion in heavy machinery, such as excavators, for excavation and loading tasks.

Bucket cylinder: Facilitates the movement of the bucket or other attachments.

Komatsu WA470-5

Hydraulic motors: They are responsible for converting hydraulic oil into circular motion, enabling the operation of elements such as wheels and tracks. In this way, the hydraulic system drives essential movements for the machine’s mobility and operation.

Volvo L220E

Hydraulic filters: Maintain fluid cleanliness, protecting the system components from potential damage caused by particles and contaminants.

Accumulators: Store hydraulic energy and release it when a temporary increase in pressure or flow is needed.

At TAOP PARTS, we offer all the hydraulic system spare parts, as well as a large stock of its main component, the hydraulic pump.

The hydraulic pump in Komatsu and Volvo machinery

What is it?

The hydraulic pump is a device that converts mechanical energy into hydraulic energy, generating the necessary fluid flow that drives the operation of the hydraulic system.

Volvo L180E


Gear pumps

They are simple and economical, suitable for low-pressure and low-flow applications.

Axial piston pumps

Composed of multiple pistons or plungers (usually six or eight), they can handle pressures of around 380 bar. They offer higher efficiency and pressure capacity, making them ideal for demanding applications.

There are 2 types:

  • Variable displacement: With the same speed, the hydraulic fluid flow can vary.
  • Fixed displacement: Depending on the speed, the flow varies. Higher speed results in higher flow, and vice versa.

Vane pumps

Commonly used for fuel and/or oil transfer. They do not generate high pressure but provide a good flow rate.

Gear pumps

Composed of two gears, they have a constant flow rate. The flow rate increases with higher revolutions. They operate at a pressure of approximately 250kg.

How does a hydraulic pump work?

Typically, the hydraulic pump takes in fluid at low pressure and sends it out at high pressure, creating a continuous flow that activates the entire hydraulic system of the machine, including cylinders, main valves, hydraulic distributors, etc.

It has an inlet or suction port and a main pressure outlet (PP).

On the other hand, variable displacement piston pumps work differently, as they act by internal signal to vary the flow.

Our most popular pump models

Here are the models that our best-selling pumps fit:


708-1S-00230 for wheel loaders like WA470-5, WA480-5, and WA380-5.

Komatsu WA380-5

708-1S-00940 for wheel loaders like WA470-6, WA430-6 and WA380-6.

Komatsu WA380-6

15068597 for wheel loaders like L220D, L220E, L180E and L150E.

Volvo L150E

11709023 for wheel loaders like L220D, L150E and L180E.

Volvo L220D

In summary, the hydraulic system is a crucial component in earthmoving and mining machinery, with hydraulic pumps playing a vital role in its operation by generating the necessary hydraulic flow.

At TAOP PARTS, we understand the importance of supplying high-quality components for hydraulic systems. We offer a wide range of parts and spare parts for Komatsu and Volvo hydraulic systems. We work to ensure our customers’ machines perform at their best while promoting environmental protection and circular economy by giving our spare parts a second life.

Feel free to contact us!



Shall we talk about your upcoming tires?

Tires, those rubber circles that bring our vehicles and machinery to life, have a fascinating history that dates back centuries. From their beginnings as metal and wooden bands to modern high-tech designs, tires have undergone astonishing evolution.

In the construction and earthmoving sector, they are essential for machine mobility, providing stability in diverse and demanding terrains while bearing heavy loads.

That’s why tire reuse plays a fundamental role and has a highly positive impact on both the circular economy and environmental protection.

The importance of reusing

At Taop Parts, we believe that before disposing of a tire, there is a much more interesting option: recycling.

Tire reuse offers a sustainable solution that combines economic and environmental benefits. When we recycle tires, we reduce the demand for natural resources and prevent waste generation, thus contributing to environmental conservation.

HD605-7 Komatsu

Circular Economy and Tires

Tire recycling is a concrete example of the circular economy. Instead of following a linear model of production and consumption, where tires are discarded at the end of their life cycle, we believe in closing the loop and giving them a new life, thus restarting the cycle.

This involves not only the direct reuse of used tires but also the retreading process, which extends their lifespan and maximizes their value.

The Tire Retreading Process

Retreading is a fundamental process in tire recovery. It involves applying a new layer of rubber to the worn tire’s tread.

Before application, a rigorous inspection process is carried out to assess its retreadability. During the process, imperfections are eliminated, and damaged parts are replaced. Finally, a new layer of rubber is applied, giving the tire a new life and similar performance to a new tire.

The Most Commonly Used

Which tire to choose?

Firstly, we need to consider whether we want a radial or diagonal tire. At Taop Parts, we offer both models. But what are their main differences? Let’s take a look:

The main difference is the way they are built and their materials.

Dumper rígido HD605-7

Diagonal tires consist of crossed layers that extend from bead to bead and are suitable for soft terrains without requiring as much traction.

On the other hand, radial tires have a structure with crossed layers from bead to tread on both sides, forming right angles with the tire’s axis, providing greater durability and traction.

At Taop Parts, the most commonly used tire is the radial tire due to its versatility. Here are some of the most popular models:


  • Size: 24 inches of nominal tread width and a 35-inch rim diameter.
  • Applications: Komatsu HD605-7 rigid dump truck.


  • Size: 23.5 inches of nominal tread width and a 25-inch rim diameter.
  • Applications: Komatsu WA380-5 wheel loader.


  • Size: 26.5 inches of nominal tread width and a 25-inch rim diameter.
  • Applications: Volvo A35E articulated dump truck.

Dumper articulado y neuma´ticos 26.5R25


  • Size: 29.5 inches of nominal tread width and a 25-inch rim diameter.
  • Applications: Komatsu WA500-6 wheel loader and Volvo L220E.

Pala cargadora Komatsu WA500-3 y neumático 29.5R25

These tire models are subjected to extreme working conditions and constant wear. However, they can still be used in demanding applications.

To ensure their performance, Taop Parts conducts thorough inspections of the tires, including checking their height and overall casing condition. Opting for tire recycling makes a difference and helps build a more sustainable future in our industry.

Do no hesitate to contact us for further information.



The Liebherr Excavator: An Icon in the Construction Industry.

Since its founding in 1949, Liebherr has been a key player in the construction industry, manufacturing high-quality machinery for projects of all types and sizes. With a wide range of products including cranes, trucks, excavators, and loaders, it has earned a reputation as a leading brand in its field.

Excavators have become an icon of the brand, being used in construction projects all over the world. From demolishing buildings to constructing roads and bridges, they have demonstrated their versatility and reliability in a wide variety of applications.

History and applications of Liebherr excavators

In 1967, Liebherr introduced its first hydraulic excavator, revolutionizing the heavy machinery market and setting new standards for performance and efficiency.

Within its wide range of machinery, they have become one of the brand’s icons. These machines, mainly used in construction and mining jobs, have evolved over the years to adapt to the needs of each project.

From compact equipment for work in tight spaces to large machines for larger projects, Liebherr has developed a wide range of machinery to meet the needs of its customers.

The Liebherr R926LC Litronic excavator: features and main components

Among the most prominent models is the R926LC Litronic, which is characterized by its high efficiency and its ability to work in demanding conditions.

R926 Liebherr

It is a medium-sized model designed to offer high efficiency and productivity in excavation and earthmoving work. Among its main features are:

  • Engine

    : The R926LC Litronic features a Liebherr 150 kW diesel engine compliant with European level V regulations.

  • Hydraulic system:

    The excavator’s hydraulic system has a flow capacity of 2 x 265 l/min and a maximum pressure of 365 bar.

  • Cab:

    The operator’s cab is spacious and designed to offer excellent visibility and comfort. It features an air-suspended seat, a color touchscreen for machine control, and air conditioning.

R926 Liebherr

  • Control system:

The Litronic control system allows precise control of the machine and provides a wealth of information on its performance and condition.

  • Main components:

Main components include the mainframe, boom, arm, bucket, undercarriage, and tracks. All of them are designed and built with high-quality materials to ensure machine durability and performance.

Confidence in quality

Liebherr has established itself as a leading brand in the sector thanks to its constant innovation and technological development. Its machines offer high performance, great efficiency, and long-term reliability, making them a reliable choice for all types of construction projects.

At TAOP PARTS, the inclusion of this great brand in our offering reaffirms our commitment to warranty, quality, and excellence, allowing us to provide our customers with the best solutions for their needs.

Do not hesitate to contact us.


Functional test en Taop Parts installation

In today’s post we provide a link list to our YouTube channel videos.

They show tests we carry out on each machine before proceeding with disassembly.

Our general functional tests are listed below:

Backhoe Loader WB93-R2 Komatsu:

Crawler Excavator Komatsu PC210LC-7K

Wheel Loader Komatsu WA4705-H


In the next videos, you will appreciate the functional tests of the engine:

S4D106-1F WB93-R2 Backhoe loader Komatsu

SAA6D102-E2 PC240NLC-7K Crawler Excavator Komatsu

You can find more videos in our YouTube channel.

Link of interest:

Tips for buying recycled spare parts for heavy machinery

In this article we will give you some tips on how to evaluate recycled spare parts based on technical information and photos. Continue reading Tips for buying recycled spare parts for heavy machinery

Maximize production with implement maintenance

To maximize the performance of any machine, it is very important to take care of your tools. It should be noted that attachments affect the longevity, productivity, fuel consumption and maintenance costs of your equipment.Find the used spare parts komatsu volvo jcb Continue reading Maximize production with implement maintenance

Buying a new machine or thinking about alternative solutions like leasing, renting or repairing?

When the machine used for earthmoving breaks down, what are the alternative solutions that the owner has?

Buying new construction machinery certainly has its advantages if you have the right budget.

When the budget is limited, you can repair the machine and, in the meantime, you can opt for a rental option. Repair can be done with new or recycled spare parts.Find the used spare parts komatsu volvo jcb

Many users do not like the idea of ​​replacing their old machine with a new one, both for economic reasons and for reasons of difficulty in learning new technologies. If the operator uses the machine well and is productive, a repair is a good solution.

Some owners, for example, would choose to repair any component with the goal of maximizing the overall life expectancy of their machine. Continue reading Buying a new machine or thinking about alternative solutions like leasing, renting or repairing?

Online shopping in the time of covid-19: considerations and advice

Many construction machine owners may be concerned about purchasing spare parts during COVID -19. The need to avoid contact, as well as various travel restrictions, can make shopping nearly impossible.

These reasons, combined with the need to save, lead the owner of heavy machinery to seek practical and convenient solutions. Even before the pandemic, used parts and equipment were bought online, but from now on this type of transaction will increasingly become the norm. Buyers will choose to buy from companies that have products with a high value and a quick and easy buying process.

In fact, the recent COVID-19 outbreak has changed the way we interact with customers. In our case, we received visits from many clients, national and international, who came to “know personally” our company. In this situation, all this has become impossible, so we have implemented a series of strategies to share online as much information as possible about our business and our company.used spare parts komatsu volvo jcb catalog

Buying spare parts for excavators, loaders, backhoe loaders, bulldozers, dump trucks etc., is not like buying a book or a mobile phone. It is necessary for the buyer to know exactly what he needs and, if he does not know, to provide all the technical information to the seller.

In recent years (source Oberlo.com) online shopping has increased by more than 150% and there has been a significant growth, especially in 2020. This has made it possible for online scams to grow too.

In the next paragraph we will give you some useful tips to buy online and avoid scams. Continue reading Online shopping in the time of covid-19: considerations and advice